Tuluni:The Harvest Festival of Nagaland
Exploring Nagaland is like unfolding secret pages of a history book and is real discovery of breath taking and untouched natural beauty, of hidden and unknown traditions, of a vibrant culture and joyous festivals and the supreme quality of people and their hospitality.
The popularity of Nagaland in and outside India is mainly due to the co-existence of a number of colourful tribes and ethnic cultures that are prevelant there. The rich and exclusive traditional heritage here gives way to a number of fairs and festivals in Nagaland that add a rejuvenating touch to the already beautiful and fresh mountain air of Nagaland. These tribal festivals of Nagaland are celebrated throughout the year.
Tuluni is one among many popular festivals of Nagaland and its of superior adherence to the Sumi people, who are the inhabitants of Zunheboto district.The tribe celebrates the festival with splendour and grandeur.
“Tuluni” means rice-beer.It is served in a glass made of bamboo.Tuluni is also known as “Anni”,which means “the season of Bountiful yields”. In the past, Tuluni was celebrated in a couple of regions (Ghabo and Ajo).Ghabo was a hot region, and the people residing there were known as ‘Ghabomis‘. People residing in Ajo were known as ‘Ajomis’. Traditionally, it was celebrated four months after sowing the seeds, but in 1972, the people of Sumi decided to celebrate it on eighth of July every year.Though it is a one-day festival nowadays, the ancestors used to celebrate it for seven days which were observed with great commitments and were equally significant.
Tuluni is a harvest festival of the Sumi tribe. People who work effortlessly in farms throughout the year relax during this festival and celebrate with delight. It is in the Sumi culture to arrange betrothal of young couples during the festival. The remainder of the festival is celebrated in the heavy observance and execution of various age old rituals and ceremonies. Various things are prepared like rice wine and beer. Animals are slaughtered for meat which is then used in feasts and parties. People allow themselves to drink to their heart’s content. Goblets are crafted out of plantation leaves to serve home prepared rice beer. Gifts and ornate tokens are exchanged and appreciation is expressed. The festival celebrates the joy of people for a very fruitful season. Prayers are initiated and Gods are presented with beer prepared out of rice. Food is also given as offering on leaves.
Matta Rice is an indigenous kind of rice grown in Kerala in the district of Palakkad in India. It is different from brown rice. Matta rice is usually referred to as Rosematta rice or Kerala Red rice. It is popular in Southern India and many parts of Sri Lanka. In these areas, it is extensively used in their local food that includes idlis, appam, and plain rice. It is usually combined with meat in the meal where the blend gives an earthy flavour to the meal.
Matta rice is grown in the southern states of Karnataka and Kerala in India. Matta rice gives Kerala farmers a premium of Rs. 300 for 500 kg of paddy. Matta rice is cultivated in the dense black cotton soil of the district of Palakkad in Kerala. These paddy fields are called ‘poonthalpadam‘ and the soil contains a lot of clay and deposit. Because of these qualities, this kind of paddy fields can hold more water.
One cup cooked matta rice contains :
Carbohydrates – 42g (93%)
Fats – 0g (0%)
Proteins – 3g (7%)
Due to the above nutritional values, it must have remarkable benefits.
- a) Nutrient-Rich
Unlike other rice grains, when polished to appear shiny and clean, matta rice does not lose its outer coats and thus retains its nutritional value.
- b) Not Just Carbs
Par-boiling this rice helps in recollecting the nutrition so that the meal is not just full of carbohydrates.
- c) Best Source of Magnesium
Magnesium, of which matta rice is a great source of, is an important mineral required every day in numerous enzymatic reactions in our body, and its absence can lead to several health conditions.
- d) Reduces Risk Of Certain Diseases
Consumption of matta rice reduces the risk of certain cancers and several heart problems as this rice is heart-friendly due to negligible fat contents and cholesterol, keeping the risk of blood clots away.
- e) Decrease Risk Of Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes is one of the most predominant long-lasting diseases that affects many, including children. Unrestrained Type 2 Diabetes can impair the quality of life due to morbidity. But matta rice treats this effectively by protection from developing insulin resistance and enhancing optimum glucose uptake.
- f) Meets Your Daily Fiber Requirement
Matta rice meets your daily fiber requirement to help our digestion. As it is rich in fiber, it helps to keep our digestive system running efficiently. Fiber helps add volume and smoothness to our defecation system.
- g) Source Of Vitamins A And B
Matta rice’s nutrient-rich coat contains substantial amounts of Vitamin A, and some forms of Vitamin B. These are really vital for maintaining many systems of your body and living healthy.
- h) Great Source Of Calcium
Matta rice facilitates a great source of Calcium. From playing a vigorous role in growth during childhood to being a decisive constituent in muscle health and function, calcium also keeps our bones and teeth strong and healthy . Especially vital for women post-menopause, Matta rice matches the diet with a good amount of calcium, protecting one from painful and bulky diseases such as Osteoporosis and weakened bones.
Considering all these benefits, one can say that Matta rice just doesn’t complement with food tastes but also provides several good health benefits.