We well know Gujarat is a hub of various art and handicrafts where handlooms have their own well carved status. In all those tangaliya work is one among them. In this thread is woven such like it appears as raised dots, hence also called bead work. The patterns forms during weaving process to create designs in dots for floral and geometrical motifs by using cotton and woolen yarn.
It had been originated from Dedadra village, Surendra Nagar by Dangasia community. Tangaliya a dotted woven textile of Surendra nagar district Saurashtra is found only in Gujarat is usually worn as the wraparound skirt by the women of the Bharwad Shepherd community. Moreover there is no any relevant facts of its origination.
Tangaliya designs are mainly used in making shawls, dupatta, dress material, home decor and accessories like pillow, bedsheets etc. Tangaliya work majorly attract women with its beautiful work. Vivid colour thread are used in weaving, and after contrast colour threads are knotted and woven to make raised dots design this is the speciality of it. Weavers beautify it more by making other geometric signs around these dots. It demands hard work and technique but once prepared give an amazing outcome.
Tangaliya shawls not only attract beauties but also tourists from foreign and various places within the country. It is the reason for them to visit small village for purchase.
Government had also involved hands in uplifting this art. The Union textile Minister Smriti Irani emphasize fashion designers to use this art in their outfits.
Also this art had received Graphical Indication (GI). The authority of NIFT (National Institute Of Fashion and Technology) Gandhinagar has created the Tangaliya Handicraft Association to promote.
The art “Tangaliya” also symbolize love as it is believed that once a boy who was shepherd love a girl and wanted to marry her but family of the girl was against of it as because he was not capable of earning enough. Since, he started the work of weaving (tangaliya). As he was shepherd so he had used wool in weaving.